You and I or you and me

不少人經常在 you and I 或 my husband and I 等應該用 me 的情況中使用 I,簡單的文法卻犯了大錯,令人遺憾!

  • It is a gift from my husband and me. (那是我先生跟我送的禮物) (正) - 介系詞 from 後面要使用 I 的受格 me。
  • It is a gift from my husband and I. (誤) - 這跟說 from I 一樣是錯誤的。
  • Between you and I, I think his wife is rather ugly. (這是我們私下說的話,我認為他太太長得有夠抱歉) (誤) - 這跟說 between I and the gatepost 一樣是錯誤的。

註:Between you and me = between ourselves = between you, me, and the gatepost/bedpost (你我私下說說,不可讓其他人知道)

記住,介系詞 (from, between, by, for, in, at, on …) 後面要用受格,所以當 I 位在介系詞的後面做為介系詞的受詞時,I 要變成 me。這與 I 的前面是否有 you 或 my husband 無關。

只有 you and I 或 my husband and I 在句中當動詞的主詞時,才使用 I。例如:

  • You and I often argue on this subject. (你我經常吵這個話題) (正) - You and I 是動詞 argue 的主詞。
  • My wife and I accept your invitation. (我太太和我接受你的邀請) (正) - My wife and I 是動詞 accept 的主詞。

如果你還搞不懂到底要用 you and I 還是 you and me,這裡提供一個簡單的方法讓大家嘗試一下,以後應該就會用對了。首先把 I 以外的元素全部拿掉,然後再決定要用 I 還是 me。

  • It is a gift from my husband and I/me.

問題:I 或 me 呢?
步驟 1: 把 “my husband and” 拿掉。
步驟 2: 再重新檢視句子。
步驟 3a: It is a gift from I. (誤)
步驟 3b: It is a gift from me. (正)

所以:

  • It is a gift from my husband and me. (正)
  • It is a gift from my husband and I. (誤)
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